Dieng is a region in the highlands on the border between County and District Banjarnegara Wonosobo, Central Java. Villages are divided into Dieng Dieng Kulon, District of Batur, and Dieng Banjarnegara Kidul, Kecamatan Kejajar, Wonosobo regency.
This area is located about 26 miles north of Wonosobo regency's capital, with an altitude of 6000 ft or 2093 m above sea level. Dieng cool temperature in the cold approaching. Temperatures range from 15-20 ° C in the daytime and 10 ° C at night. In fact, sometimes the temperature can reach 0 ° C in the morning, particularly between July to August. Locals call it as extreme temperatures upas bun which means "dew poison" because of this moisture causing damage to agricultural crops.
Some cultural relics and natural reserves have been used as a tourist attraction and is managed jointly by the two districts, namely Banjarnegara and Wonosobo. Here are some places in Dieng.
* Werna Lake, a lake that often results in shades of red, green, blue, white, and violet
* Lake Pengilon
* Crater: Sikidang, Sileri, Sinila (explode and release poisonous gas in 1979 with 149 victims of the soul)
* The complex of Hindu temples built in the 7th century, among others: Gatotkaca, Bima
* Semar's Cave
* Wells Jalatunda
* Eye Serayu River water
Dieng's name comes from the ancient Sundanese "In" meaning "place" or "mountain" and "Hyang" which means (God). Thus, Dieng means mountainous area where the gods and goddesses residing. Dieng's name comes from the Sundanese expected before the year 600 because the area was inhabited by the Sundanese and Javanese are not. (Source: wikipedia).
The temples in Dieng trusted as an early sign of Hindu civilization on the island of Java at the time of Sanjaya in the 8th century. This is shown by the mansions of the temples in Dieng supposedly to worship Lord Shiva. The temples are: Candi Arjuna, Temple Heroine, Temple Puntadewa, Sembadra Candi, Candi Gatot Kaca. While for the naming of the temples themselves believed to have started in the 19th century. This is indicated by the existing reliefs on the temple. For example at the Temple Heroine, painted reliefs which is precisely the form of depictions of Lord Shiva. The temples are built using stone construction from Andesite Mountain Pakuwaja in South Dieng temple complex.
Dieng volcano is made up of parents who experienced a drastic decline (dislocations), by fracture of the northwest and southeast. The old volcano is Mount Prau. In part the sinkhole appeared, the small mountains: Mount Alang, Mount Nagasari, Mount Panglimunan, Mount Pangonan, Mountain and Mount Pakuwaja Gajahmungkur.
Some of the volcano is still active with distinctive characteristics. Magma that arises is not too strong not like the Mount Merapi. While the pop-pop that happens is because the underground water pressure by the magma that caused the emergence of a few bubbles of hot mud. This phenomenon can be seen at Crater or Crater Candradimuka Sikidang.
To anticipate the occurrence of volcanic hazards Directorate of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation continuously monitor the volcanic activity at Mount Dieng.
Dieng is a beautiful and peaceful place and the passion to save a million challenges scientists to do research.